TPI4000 Series

Protocol Analyzer Datasheet
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Features & Benefits

  • Multiple Protocols and Test Functions in a Single Instrument
  • User-customizable and Configurable Protocol Database
  • Simultaneous Analysis, Generation, and Statistics
  • True 100% Line Rate Traffic Capture and Optional Traffic Generation
  • Time-correlated Views and Triggers across Every Port and Protocol
  • “Drag and Drop” Ease of Use for Triggering and Filtering
  • Bit-level Control of Generated Traffic
  • Actual Statistics (Total Population, not Sampling)


  • Protocol Compliance
  • Stress Testing
  • Communication Compatibility
  • Performance Optimization
  • Interoperability Testing

One Instrument – Multiple Functions

The TPI4000 Series provides multiple test functionality within a single piece of hardware making it the most versatile serial tester on the market.

A single TPI4000 protocol analyzer can handle:

  • Protocol Analysis: Guaranteed 100% full line rate capture
  • Multiple Protocols: Support for Ethernet, Fibre Channel, Serial RapidIO, Serial FDPD, Avionics Full-duplex Switched Ethernet (AFDX), and others including custom protocols
  • Traffic Generation: Test your device with good and bad protocol data
  • Impairment Testing: Introduce extreme delay conditions into your system to see
  • Bit Error Rate Testing: Detect errors that exceed 10–12
  • API Interface: Allows for test automation
  • Custom Protocol Editor: Add custom protocols to the protocol database

One Instrument – Multiple Protocols

The TPI4000 Series supports the highest number of protocols including:

  • Ethernet
  • FCoE
  • CPRI
  • AFDX
  • SATA
  • Custom 8B/10B
  • Time Triggered Ethernet (TTE)
  • Fibre Channel
  • Serial RapidIO
  • Serial RPDP
  • SAS
  • Custom 64B/66B

Meet Your Performance Requirements

At speeds up to 10 Gb/s, test at full line rate to ensure your design hits its performance requirements.

The Ultimate High-speed Serial Test and Debug Platform

Reduce Time to Market with Faster Analysis and Debug

The nature of serial debug is that you may have problems that show up only after days or weeks of testing. These types of problems are hard to simulate or capture. However, with the TPI4000 Series’ advanced debugging functions, including state-of-the-art triggering and filtering, you can find even the most obscure problems fast. To achieve this, the software uses a number of advanced features:

  • Alarms: Build and save custom trigger, filter, and capture configurations for later use or as part of a formal test procedure
  • Advanced Triggering: Start capturing data only when specific conditions are met
  • Powerful Triggering: Sift through trace data fast, and filter out all conditions except the ones you are looking for
  • Search: Find any data pattern within any frame and maintain a library of predefined search patterns
  • Bookmarks: Set bookmarks for easy reference in later debugging

Further speed debug by sharing trace files using the free Trace Viewer software.

Interpret Data Quickly Using Multiple Display Formats

View your data in the most convenient fashion. This facilitates interpreting and reading the data quickly.

  • Raw, 8B/10B, Hexadecimal, and Frame views
  • Detailed decode of each frame down to individual bit level
  • Highly configurable trace display with color-coded channel data
  • Independent or merged channel views
  • Multilayer post-capture filtering on all fields
  • Save/Print/Export trace segments or entire captures with comments
Gain Insight with Hardware Layer Visibility

All TPI4000 protocol analyzers feature visibility down to the hardware level – never miss a bit. This provides unparalleled insight into both your hardware and software operation, significantly reducing error debug time.

Increase Reliability with Compliance and Interoperability Testing

Ensure your device complies with current standards by generating real traffic and observing the response. The TPI4000 Series complies with the latest specifications and standards through a program of regular participation with the standards’ bodies.

Custom/Proprietary Protocol Testing

The Protocol Editor is an easy-to-use, powerful means of updating or adding protocols to the protocol database.

The Protocol Editor uses a GUI to correctly display the translated data from the link. Once it is saved in the protocol database, the new or revised protocol is available for decoding and searching within the Trace Viewer. It is also available in the protocol analyzer as trigger and filter definitions.

For Every Application

Network Lab Interoperability Testing

Interoperability is critical in a data center or other networking environment. The problem of specification interpretation comes into play where different networking equipment vendors have a different interpretation of a particular protocol specification. In a networking lab environment, the TPI4000 Series provides insight into serial links, even before the link comes up, so you can verify all devices are working properly. If a device does misbehave, the TPI4000 Series’ powerful triggering and filtering capabilities can easily identify the offender so it can be fixed before going into product.

Not only does specification interpretation cause problems, but problems also happen in error recovery or unanticipated out-of-specification conditions. These conditions can be simulated using controlled negative testing. With controlled negative testing, errors and delays are introduced into the line to verify proper recovery of devices on the network. This is important to insure against costly failures in the field.

Embedded Systems Testing

Embedded system interface testing can involve chip-to-chip, board-to-board, and box-to-box testing, depending upon the application.

The TPI4000 Series is uniquely suited to handle embedded system interface validation and verification by providing the most comprehensive support of protocols, speeds, and connection types. Serial interfaces are tested at full line rate, with full reporting down to the physical hardware layer. In addition, your design can be fully characterized through negative testing.

Interoperability is critical in a data center or other networking environment. The problem of specification interpretation comes into play where different networking equipment vendors have a different interpretation of a particular protocol specification.

Military/Aerospace Communications

All of the functions of the TPI4000 Series are made available through an Application Programming Interface (API). The ‘C’ compatible interface allows 3rd party applications to be created on top of the TPI4000 Series’ platform that can be used for test automation, production testing, or conformance testing.

The API can also be accessed from a UNIX platform using remote procedure calls enabling the integration of Unix-based platforms into the TPI4000 Series solution.

Post Silicon Applications

The TPI4000 Series is a perfect solution for doing post silicon serial interface validation. With its wide selection of protocols supported, as well as doing mixed protocol testing in a time-correlated fashion, chip designers can both verify the interfaces and characterize chip performance at the same time.

One of the most difficult issues to overcome is simply connecting to the chip’s test setup. The TPI4000 Series provides a variety of connectivity options to handle most test environments.

Field Testing of Deployed Networks

The small self-contained form factor of the TPI4202 is perfect for field test applications. In addition, trace data captured in the field can be easily e-mailed to engineering offices for analysis with the free Trace Viewer software.

A Connection and Chassis for Every Environment

A Variety of Connector Types are Available

The ports on every TPI4000 protocol analyzer have been standardized to accommodate the widest range of connections using the SFP (Small Form-factor Pluggable) transceiver specification.

SFP standardization allows the TPI4000 Series to support a wide range of both copper and electrical connections. Other connection types such as SMA connectors are also available.

A Chassis to Fit Your Needs

The TPI4202 is a self-contained rugged unit that is suitable for both the lab and the field. With a built-in PC, keyboard, and display, the TPI4202 provides laboratory performance in a go-anywhere chassis that supports 2- to 8-port configurations.

Complete Protocol Analysis

Each of the TPI4000 protocol analyzers captures and displays 100% of link data, even at full line rates. Views of primitives, as well as frame delimiter, frame header, and payload data are also provided. The Protocol Database Editor allows the user to define additional decoding of protocols to further enhance the existing functions. Deep, bit‐level triggering and pre- and post-filtering capabilities ensure that relevant data can be extracted from multi‐gigabit data streams.

Data Capture

Capture 100% of data at full line rate and in raw 10-bit format, and stop with “buffer full” or “buffer wrap” options. Captured traces can be viewed on any Windows PC using a stand-alone viewer. The hardware compression algorithm makes efficient use of trace memory resources. Network topology can be displayed through analysis of captured traces.

  • Multilevel triggering
  • Trigger on multiple consecutive events on, or across, all channels
  • Select from a list of predefined trigger events
  • State machine “loop sequence” triggering
  • Re-arm trigger if condition is not met
  • Independent channel triggers
Upper Layer Protocol (ULP) Support
  • iSCSI, IP, TCP, and UDP protocol suites provided as standard
  • Supports sequential and direct access devices
  • Automatic decodes for iSCSI, IP, TCP, and UDP and many other upper-layer protocols
  • Add new and proprietary protocols using the Protocol Editor application
Search Facilities
  • Find next and previous frames
  • Go to and create bookmarks
  • Search for source or destination address
  • Search for any data within a frame
  • Library of predefined search items
  • Find trigger events
Data Display Formats
  • Raw, 8B/10B, Hexadecimal, and Frame views
  • Detailed decode of each frame down to individual bit level
  • Highly configurable trace display with color-coded channel data
  • Independent or merged channel views
Alarm Feature
  • User-definable alarms for link utilization, frames, and bytes
  • Ability to set high and low limits
  • Ability to set alarms on all statistical data
Performance Statistics

A real-time statistics module provides bookmarks, search, and tabular or graphical displays of link captures to offer unrivalled flexibility, power, and ease of use in high‐speed data capture, decode, and analysis.

Test Configuration Library

Build and save custom trigger, filter, and capture configurations to server.

Traffic Generator

Generate protocol-specific traffic with complete control over timing and content of data. The Traffic Generator’s ability to maintain full line rate traffic, even across multiple links, allows device performance to be measured and operation under stress to be characterized.

  • Output any traffic load scenario up to full line rate traffic
  • Simulate protocol, data, and CRC errors
  • Control inter‐frame and inter‐burst packet gaps
  • Test buffer limits by manipulating flow control fields
  • Stress multiple links simultaneously with no performance loss
  • Monitor statistics in real time

Impairment Tester

Simulate the delay caused by long cable runs without the inconvenience and cost of testing with multiple lengths of cable. Using the Impairment Tester allows the effects of latency on application performance and flow control to be measured.

  • Simulate cable length and delays
  • Determine the amount of delay
  • Select criteria to identify errors
  • Check for delays to the millisecond
  • Report bit‐level diagnostic details
  • Supports sequential and direct access devices

Error Injector


Use the TPI4000 Series’ Error Injector to test the recovery of systems and line failures for communications using Fibre Channel and Ethernet, including AFDX, iSCSI, IP, IPv6, TCP, and other Ethernet-based protocols.

  • Replace data on the link with user-defined data in real time
  • Corrupt values or remove events from the link to replace data and simulate slow device response times
  • Recalculate and insert CRC values automatically where applicable
  • Integrate proprietary protocols into error injection
  • Generate custom test patterns for custom applications with the TPI4000 Series’ Protocol Database Editor and application software

Bit Error Rate Tester

Send both framed and unframed bit error rate test patterns through the link under test to test its ability to reliably transport data between the transmitter and receiver. Standard and user-defined test patterns are supported.

  • Generate multi-speed, multi‐application, and custom patterns
  • Support up to 8 ports of testing
  • Verify and validate lowest-level connectivity, down to 10–12
  • Generate different forms of IEEE patterns and jitter such as CRPAT, CJTPAT, CSPAT, and Incrementing

Protocol Editor

The Protocol Editor allows the protocol analyzer’s standard database to be expanded to support user‐defined protocols. Once part of the database, a user‐defined protocol can be used as a filter or can trigger scenarios, in addition to being fully decoded in the Trace Viewer. Other features, such as post‐capture filtering, are fully available as if the protocol was part of the standard TPI4000 protocol analyzer’s database.

API Library

The TPI4000 Series’ API Library is a ‘C’ API that provides the user with programmatic control over all the TPI4000 tools. Using the API Library, the user can write custom applications that function over the platform or create code for test automation.


TPI4202 Characteristics




Maximum Number of Interface Cards


Interface Card Options – Voyager600 / Voyager800 / Voyager1000 Characteristics




Number of Ports


4 Full-duplex SFP+


4 Full-duplex SFP+


2 Full-duplex SFP+

Physical Interface

Optical- or copper-based on SFP

Line Rate


Up to 6.25 Gb/s; 8B/10B encoded


Up to 8.5 Gb/s; 8B/10B encoded


Around 10 Gb/s; 64B/66B encoded

Memory Size


1 GB per port


1 GB per port


2 GB per port

External Triggering

1 external trigger in

1 external trigger out

Time Stamp Resolution

10 ns

Protocol Solutions




Traffic Capture

Each analyzer captures bi-directional traffic between two devices; or from up to 2 SPAN ports, or from 2 passive tap inputs

Dual Channel

Trigger on sequence of events in any Rx channel, in any analyzer


32 states per sequencer


32 counters and timers per sequencer

Pattern Matchers

Eight 32-byte pattern matchers (primitives or frames) with associated local occur


“OR” conditions between pattern matchers

Internal Cross Triggering

Cross-module arm in/out for inclusion in sequencer events coming from another analyzer


Hardware filter conditions can be defined individually at each sequence level

Error Detection

Disparity, Code Violation, CRC Error, Loss of Sync

Frame Slicing

Store user-specified number of words beginning at SOF

Protocol Options


Supported Protocols

Line Rates


(Opt. AFDX-1G-PP)


Serial FPDP

(Opt. SFPD-6G-PP)


1.0625, 2.125, and 2.5 Gb/s

3.125, 4.25, 5.0, and 6.25 Gb/s


(Opt. CPRI-6G-PP)


1.2288, 2.4576, 3.072, 4.9152, and 6.144 Gb/s

Gigabit Ethernet

(Opt. ET-1G-PP)

10, 100, and 1000 Mb/s

10G Ethernet

(Opt. ET-10G-PP)


9.95328 and 10.3125 Gb/s

1G Fibre Channel

(Opt. FC-1G-PP)


1.0625 Gb/s

2G Fibre Channel

(Opt. FC-2G-PP)


1.0625 and 2.215 Gb/s

4G Fibre Channel

(Opt. FC-4G-PP)


1.0625, 2.215, and 4.25 Gb/s

8G Fibre Channel

(Opt. FC-8G-PP)


1.0625, 2.215, 4.25, and 8.5 Gb/s

10G Fibre Channel

(Opt. FC-10G-PP)


10.51875 Gb/s

3G Serial Attached SCSI

(Opt. SAS-3G-PP)


1.5 and 3.0 Gb/s

6G Serial Attached SCSI

(Opt. SAS-6G-PP)


1.5, 3.0, and 6.0 Gb/s

3G Serial ATA

(Opt. SATA-3G-PP)

1.5 and 3.0 Gb/s

6G Serial ATA

(Opt. SATA-6G-PP)

1.5, 3.0, and 6.0 Gb/s

3G Serial RapidIO

(Opt. SRIO-3G1-PP)

Single lane of SRIO

1.25, 2.5, and 3.125 Gb/s

6G Serial RapidIO

(Opt. SRIO-6G1-PP)

Single lane of SRIO

1.25, 2.5, 3.125, and 6.25 Gb/s





Display Type

17.3 in. LCD HD Display

Display Resolution

1920 × 1080

Computer System and Peripherals



Operating System

Windows XP SP3

PC System Memory

3 GB

Hard Disk Drive

500 GB

CD/DVD Drive


USB Ports

Four USB 2.0 High-speed Host Ports

LAN Ports

Two RJ-45 Connectors, supports 10/100/1000 Mb/s

Video Ports

One DVI Connector




Power Source Voltage

100 to 240 V AC ±10%

Power Source Frequency

50/60 Hz

Power Consumption

600 W maximum

Physical Characteristics



























+5 °C to +45 °C derated 1.0 °C per 300 meters above 1,500 meters altitude


–20 °C to +60 °C without disk media installed in disk drives



5% to 95% relative humidity (% RH) at up to +30 °C


5% to 45% RH above +30 °C up to +40 °C noncondensing, and as limited by a maximum wet-bulb temperature of +29 °C



Up to 3,000 m (9,843 ft.)


Up to 12,000 m (39,370 ft.)


   Electromagnetic Compatibility

EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC


UL61010-1:2004, Second Edition; CSA61010-1:2004, EN61010-1:2001; IEC 61010-1:2001

Last Modified: 2012-10-01 05:00:00

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