Télécharger
Télécharger

Télécharger des manuels, des fiches techniques, des logiciels, etc. :

TYPE DE TÉLÉCHARGEMENT
MODÈLE OU MOT CLÉ

2461 SourceMeter SMU Instrument

Lire en ligne :

The Model 2461 High Current SourceMeter® Source Measure Unit (SMU) Instrument brings advanced Touch, Test, Invent® technology right to your fingertips. It combines an innovative graphical user interface (GUI) with capacitive touchscreen technology to make testing intuitive and minimize the learning curve to help engineers and scientists learn faster, work smarter, and invent easier. With its 10A/1000W pulse current and 7A/100W DC current capability combined with dual 18-bit 1MS/s digitizers, the Model 2461 is optimized for characterizing and testing high power materials, devices, and modules, such as silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN), DC-DC converters, circuit protection devices, solar cells and panels, high brightness LEDs and lighting systems, electrochemical cells and batteries, and much more. These new capabilities, combined with Keithley’s expertise in high precision, high accuracy SMU instruments, will make the Model 2461 a “go-to instrument” for high current sourcing and high speed measurement applications in the lab and in the rack for years to come.

Learn Faster; Work Smarter; Invent Easier

The Model 2461 features a five-inch, full-color, high resolution touchscreen that supports intuitive operation, helps operators become familiar with the instrument quickly, and optimizes overall speed and productivity. A simple icon-based menu structure reduces the number of steps required to configure a test by as much as 50 percent and eliminates the cumbersome multi-layer menu structures typically used on soft-key instruments. Built-in, context-sensitive help supports intuitive operation and minimizes the need to review a separate manual. These capabilities, combined with the Model 2461’s high versatility, simplify its operation in both basic and advanced measurement applications, regardless of the user’s previous experience in working with SMU instruments.

Voltage Specifications 1, 2

     

Source

 

Measure 3

Range

Max. DC Current

 

Resolution

Accuracy(23° ±5°C), 1 Year±(% setting+volts)

Noise (RMS) (<10Hz)

 

Resolution4

Accuracy (23° ±5°C), 1 Year±(% reading + volts)

Digitizer Accuracy 523° ±5°C, 1 Week± (% reading + volts)

200.0000 mV

7.35 A

 

5 μV

0.015 % + 200 µV

1 µV

 

100 nV

0.012 % + 200 µV

0.05 % + 1.2 mV

2.000000 V

7.35 A

 

50 µV

0.015 % + 300 µV

2 µV

 

1 µV

0.012 % + 300 µV

0.05 % + 1.2 mV

7.000000 V

7.35 A

 

250 µV

0.015 % + 2.4 mV

20 µV

 

1 µV

0.015 % + 1 mV

0.05 % + 8 mV

10.00000 V

5.25 A

 

250 µV

0.015 % + 2.4 mV

20 µV

 

10 µV

0.015 % + 1 mV

0.05 % + 8 mV

20.00000 V

4.20 A

 

500 µV

0.015 % + 2.4 mV

20 µV

 

10 µV

0.015 % + 1 mV

0.05 % + 8 mV

100.0000 V

1.05 A

 

2.5 mV

0.015 % + 15 mV

200 µV

 

100 µV

0.015 % + 5 mV

0.05 % + 40 mV

Measure Input Resistance: >10GΩ all ranges.

Temperature Coefficient: ±(0.10 × accuracy specification)/°C, 0° to 18°C and 28° to 50°C.

Current Specifications1, 2, 6

     

Source

 

Measure 3

Range

Max. DC Voltage

 

Resolution

Accuracy(23° ±5°C), 1 Year±(% setting + amps)

Noise (RMS) (<10Hz)

 

Resolution4

Accuracy(23° ±5°C), 1 Year±(% reading + amps)

Digitizer Accuracy 523° ±5°C, 1 Week± (% reading + amps)

1.000000 μA

105 V

 

50 pA

0.025 % + 1 nA

40 pA

 

1 pA

0.025 % + 700 pA

0.05 % + 4 nA

10.00000 μA

105 V

 

500 pA

0.025 % + 1.5 nA

40 pA

 

10 pA

0.025 % + 1 nA

0.05 % + 8 nA

100.0000 μA

105 V

 

5 nA

0.020 % + 15 nA

100 pA

 

100 pA

0.020 % + 10 nA

0.05 % + 80 nA

1.000000 mA

105 V

 

50 nA

0.020 % + 150 nA

1 nA

 

1 nA

0.020 % + 100 nA

0.05 % + 800 nA

10.00000 mA

105 V

 

500 nA

0.020 % + 1.5 μA

10 nA

 

10 nA

0.020 % + 1 μA

0.05 % + 8 μA

100.0000 mA

105 V

 

5 μA

0.020 % + 15 μA

100 nA

 

100 nA

0.020 % + 10 μA

0.05 % + 80 μA

1.000000 A

105 V

 

50 μA

0.050 % + 750 μA

5 μA

 

1 μA

0.050 % + 500 μA

0.05 % + 1 mA

4.000000 A

21 V

 

250 μA

0.100 % + 3 mA

25 μA

 

1 μA

0.100 % + 2.5 mA

0.10 % + 5 mA

5.000000 A

10.5 V

 

250 μA

0.100 % + 3 mA

25 μA

 

1 μA

0.100 % + 2.5 mA

0.10 % + 5 mA

7.000000 A

7.35 V

 

500 μA

0.150 % + 6 mA

125 μA

 

1 μA

0.150 % + 5 mA

0.15 % + 10 mA

10.00000 A 7

7.35 V

 

500 μA

0.150 % + 6 mA

125 μA

 

10 μA

0.150 % + 5 mA

0.15 % + 10 mA

Voltage Burden 8: <100μV all ranges.

Temperature Coefficient: ±(0.10 × accuracy specification)/°C, 0° to 18°C and 28° to 50°C.

  1. Speed = 1 PLC.
  2. All specifications guaranteed with output ON.
  3. Accuracies apply to 2-wire and 4-wire modes when properly zeroed.
  4. Measure resolution 6.5 digits. Digitizer resolution limited by noise.
  5. 18-bit ADC. Average of 1000 samples taken at 1μs intervals. Internal temperature within ±5°C and 1 week of ACAL.
  6. Accuracy specifications guaranteed when using Model 2461-KIT screw terminal accessory for Model 2461.
  7. 10A range DC specifications valid up to 7.35A. Operation >7.35A only in pulse mode. Pulse width and duty cycle limits apply. See Pulse Specifications and Typical Pulse Performance sections for more details on pulse operation.
  8. 4-wire mode.

    Resistance Measurement Accuracy (Local or Remote Sense) 9, 10, 11

    Range

    Resolution 12

    DefaultTest Current

    Normal Accuracy(23°C ±5°C), 1 Year±(% rdg. + ohms)

    Enhanced Accuracy 13(23°C ±5°C), 1 Year±(% rdg. + ohms)

    <2.000000 W14

    1 μW

    User defined

    Source IACC + Meas. VACC

    Meas. IACC + Meas. VACC

    2.000000 W

    1 μW

    100 mA

    0.05 % + 0.003 Ω

    0.04 % + 0.001 Ω

    20.00000 W

    10 μW

    100 mA

    0.05 % + 0.003 Ω

    0.04 % + 0.001 Ω

    200.0000 W

    100 μW

    10 mA

    0.05 % + 0.03 Ω

    0.04 % + 0.01 Ω

    2.000000 kW

    1 mW

    1 mA

    0.05 % + 0.3 Ω

    0.04 % + 0.1 Ω

    20.00000 kW

    10 mW

    100 μA

    0.05 % + 3 Ω

    0.04 % + 1 Ω

    200.0000 kW

    100 mW

    10 μA

    0.05 % + 30 Ω

    0.05 % + 10 Ω

    2.000000 MW

    1 W

    10 μA

    0.06 % + 100 Ω

    0.06 % + 50 Ω

    20.00000 MW

    10 W

    1 μA

    0.14 % + 1 kΩ

    0.12 % + 500 Ω

    200.0000 MW

    100 W

    100 nA

    1.04 % + 10 kΩ

    0.74 % + 5 kΩ

    >200.0000 MW14

    User defined

    Source IACC + Meas. VACC

    Meas. IACC + Meas. VACC

    Temperature Coefficient (0°–18°C and 28°–50°C): ±(0.10 × accuracy specification)/°C.

    Source Current, Measure Resistance Mode: Total uncertainty = Isource accuracy + Vmeasure accuracy (4-wire remote sense).

    Source Voltage, Measure Resistance Mode: Total uncertainty = Vsource accuracy + Imeasure accuracy (4-wire remote sense).

  9. Speed = 1 PLC.
  10. All specifications are guaranteed with output ON.
  11. Accuracies apply to 2- and 4-wire mode when properly zeroed.
  12. 6.5-digit measure resolution.
  13. Source readback enabled. Offset compensation ON.
  14. Source current, measure resistance or source voltage, measure resistance only.

    Additional Pulse Mode Source Specifications

    Minimum Programmable Pulse Width: 150μs. Note: Time for settling and/or measuring may be longer than 150μs.

    Maximum Extended Range Pulse Width: 2.5ms for 7A and lower ranges, 1ms for 10A range.

    Maximum DC Pulse Width: 10,000 seconds.

    Pulse Width Programming Resolution: Variable, limited by Pulse Width and Pulse Width Jitter.

    Pulse Width Jitter: <(50μs + 10% of pulse width), typical, ACQIN Readings = OFF.

    Maximum Pulse Duty Cycle: 10% for 20V and lower ranges, 5% for 100V range.

    Typical Pulse Performance (Best fixed range, 4W sense)

    Source Value

    Limit Range and Value

    Load

    Rise Time (10% to 90%)

    Settling Time (1% of range)

    100 V

    10.5 A

    10 Ω

    300 μs

    520 μs

    100 V

    1.05 A

    200 Ω

    180 μs

    320 μs

    20 V

    10 A

    2 Ω

    150 μs

    340 μs

    10 A

    105 V

    10 Ω

    300 μs

    700 μs

    7 A

    7.35 V

    1 Ω

    120 μs

    360 μs

    5 A

    10.5 V

    2 Ω

    110 μs

    280 μs

    Contact Check

    Contact Check Speed: <100μs for verification and notification/

    Resistance Settings

    2 Ω

    15 Ω

    50 Ω

    No contact check failure

    <1.0 Ω

    <10.0 Ω

    <40.0 Ω

    Always contact check failure

    >6.0 Ω

    >20.0 Ω

    >60.0 Ω

    Digitizer Characteristics

    Maximum Resolution: 18 bits.

    Available Measurement Functions: Voltage, Current, Simultaneous Voltage and Current, Resistance, Power.

    Sampling Rate 15: Programmable 1k through 1 million samples per second .

    Volatile Sample Memory With Timestamp: 27.5 million.

    Minimum Record Time: 1μs.

    Timestamp Resolution: 1ns with standard or full buffer style. 1μs with compact buffer style.

    Maximum Record Length: 5 million.

    Range Selection: Fixed-range required for digitizer measurements.

    Measurement Settling Time: Range and load dependent. Accuracy limited by settling time for 10mA and lower current ranges.

  15. Sample rate is not continuously adjustable. For valid discrete settings, see the Model 2461 Reference Manual.

Supplemental Characteristics

Max. Output Power: 1050W pulse, 105W DC, four quadrant source or sink operation.

Overrange: 105% of range, source and measure.

Regulation: — Voltage: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range + 100µV.Current: Line: 0.01% of range. Load: 0.01% of range + 100pA.

Source Limits:

Voltage Source Current Limit: Bipolar current limit set with single value. Min. 10% of range.

Current Source Voltage Limit: Bipolar voltage limit set with single value. Min. 10% of range.

V/I-Limit Accuracy: Add 0.3% of setting and ±0.02% of reading to base specification.

Overshoot:

Voltage Source: <0.1% typical. Step size = Full scale, resistive load, 20V range, 10mA I-limit).

Current Source: <0.1% typical. Step size = 1mA step, RLoad = 10kΩ, 20V range)

Range Change Overshoot: Overshoot into a fully resistive 100kΩ load, 10Hz to 20MHz bandwidth, adjacent ranges: <250mV typical.

Output Settling Time: Time required to reach within 0.1 % of final value: 20 V range, 100 mA I-limit: <200μs typical.

Maximum Slew Rate: 1V per µs, 100V range, 100mA limit into a 20kΩ load (typical). 0.6V per µs, 20V range, 100mA limit into a 20kΩ load (typical).

Over Voltage Protection: User selectable values, 5% ±0.5V tolerance. Factory default = none.

Voltage Source Noise: 10Hz to 20MHz (RMS):<4.5mV typical into a resistive load.

Common Mode Voltage: 250V DC.

Common Mode Isolation: >1GΩ, <1000pF.

Noise Rejection (Typical):

NPLC

NMRR

CMRR

0.01

60 dB

0.1

60 dB

1

60 dB

100 dB

Load Impedance:

Normal Mode: 20nF typical.

High Capacitance Mode: Stable into 50μF typical. High-capacitance mode valid for ≥100μA ranges.

Max. Voltage Drop Between Force and Sense Terminals: 5V.

Max. Force Lead Voltage Drop: 1V.

Max. Sense Lead Resistance: 1MΩ for rated accuracy.

Sense Input Impedance: >10GΩ.

Guard Offset Voltage: <300μV typical.

System Measurement Speeds16

Reading rates (readings per second) typical for 60Hz (50Hz), script (TSP®) programmed.

NPLC

Trigger Origin

Measure to Memory

Measure to GPIB/USB/LAN

Source Measure to Memory

Source Measure to GPIB/USB/LAN

0.01 NPLC

Internal

3050 (2800)

2800 (2500)

1700 (1600)

1650 (1550)

0.01 NPLC

External

2300 (2100)

2150 (2000)

1650 (1550)

1600 (1450)

0.1 NPLC

Internal

540 (460)

530 (450)

470 (410)

470 (400)

0.1 NPLC

External

500 (420)

500 (420)

460 (390)

450 (350)

1 NPLC

Internal

59 (49)

59 (49)

58 (48)

58 (48)

1 NPLC

External

58 (48)

58 (48)

57 (48)

57 (46)

Reading rates (readings per second) typical for 60Hz (50Hz), SCPI programmed.

NPLC

Trigger Origin

Measure to Memory

Measure to GPIB/USB/LAN

Source Measure to Memory

Source Measure to GPIB/USB/LAN

0.01 NPLC

Internal

3000 (2800)

3000 (2790)

1700 (1600)

1550 (1500)

0.01 NPLC

External

2330 (2150)

2330 (2150)

1650 (1550)

1500 (1450)

0.1 NPLC

Internal

540 (460)

540 (460)

470 (410)

460 (400)

0.1 NPLC

External

510 (430)

510 (430)

470 (400)

460 (390)

1 NPLC

Internal

59 (49)

59 (49)

58 (48)

58 (48)

1 NPLC

External

58 (49)

58 (49)

58 (48)

58 (48)

Reading rates applicable for voltage or current measurements, autozero off, autorange off, filter off, binary reading format, and source readback off.

Digitize, Typical

Sampling Rate

Digits

Resolution, bits

Measure to USB

10 kS/s

18

Up to 10 kS/s

20 kS/s

16

Up to 20 kS/s

50 kS/s

16

Up to 50 kS/s

100 kS/s

15

Up to 100 kS/s

1 MS/s

12

At least 100 kS/s

SCPI Programmed. Buffer style is compact.

General Characteristics (default mode unless specified)

Factory Default Standard Power-Up: SCPI Mode.

Source Output Modes: Fixed DC Level, Memory/Configuration List (mixed function), Sweep (linear and log), Sweep (dual linear and dual log).

Memory Buffer: >2 million readings, user adjustable. Includes selected measured value(s) and time stamp.

Real-Time Clock: Lithium battery backup (3 yr. + battery life).

Remote Interfaces:

GPIB: IEEE-488.2.

USB Device (rear panel, type B): 2.0 Full Speed USBTMC.

USB Device (front panel, type A): USB 2.0, support for thumb drives.

Ethernet: RJ-45 (10/100BT)

Digital I/O Interface:

Lines: 6 input/output, user defined, for digital I/O or triggering.

Connector: 9-pin female D.

Input Signal Levels: 0.7V (maximum logic low), 3.7V (minimum logic high).

Input Voltage Limits: –0.25V (absolute minimum), +5.25V (absolute maximum).

Maximum Source Current: +2.0mA @ >2.7V (per pin).

Maximum Sink Current: –50mA @ 0.7V (per pin, solid-state fuse protected).

5V Power Supply Pin: Limited to 500mA @ >4V (solid-state fuse protected).

Handler Interface: Start of test, end of test, 4 category bits.

Programmability: SCPI or TSP command sets.

TSP Mode: Embedded Test Script Processor (TSP) accessible from any host interface.

IP Configuration: Static or DHCP.

Expansion Interface: The TSP-Link expansion interface allows TSP enabled instruments to trigger and communicate with each other.

LXI Compliance: 1.4 LXI Core 2011.

Display: Five-inch capacitive touch, color TFT WVGA (800×480) with LED backlight.

Input Signal Connections: Front: Banana. Rear: Mass termination screw terminal.

Interlock: Active high-input.

Cooling: Forced air, variable speed.

Over Temperature Protection: Internally sensed temperature overload puts unit in standby mode.

Power Supply: 100V to 240V RMS, 50–60Hz (automatically detected at power up).

VA Rating: 350 volt-amps max.

Altitude: Maximum 2000 meters (6562 feet) above sea level.

EMC: Conforms to European Union EMC Directive.

Safety: Compliance with CE and NRTL listed to UL61010-1 and UL61010-2-30. Conforms with European Union Low Voltage Directive.

Vibration: MIL-PRF-28800F Class 3 Random.

Warm-Up: 1 hour to rated accuracies.

DIMENSIONS:

With handle and bumpers:106mm high × 255mm wide × 425mm deep (4.18 in × 10.05 in × 16.75 in).

Without handle and bumpers: 88mm high × 213mm wide × 397mm deep (3.46 in × 8.39 in × 15.63 in.)

WEIGHT: — With bumpers and handle: 4.75 kg (10.5 lbs.).Without bumpers and handle: 4.55 kg (10.0 lbs.).

ENVIRONMENT: Operating:0°–50°C, 70% R.H. up to 35°C. Derate 3% R.H./°C, 35°–50°C, non-condensing. Storage: –25°C to 65°C.

ACCESSORIES AVAILABLE

TEST LEADS AND PROBES
1754
2-wire Universal 10-Piece Test Lead Kit
5805
Kelvin (4-Wire) Spring-Loaded Probes
5808
Low Cost Single-pin Kelvin Probe Set
5809
Low Cost Kelvin Clip Lead Set
8605
High Performance Modular Test Leads 8606 High Performance Modular Probe Kit
8608
High Performance Clip Lead Set
CABLES, CONNECTORS, ADAPTERS
2460-BAN
Screw Terminal Connector to Banana Cable
2460-KIT
Mating Mass Termination Connector
8607
2-Wire, 1000V Banana Cables, 1m (3.3 ft.)
CS-1616-3
Safety Interlock Mating Connector
COMMUNICATION INTERFACES & CABLES
7007-1
Shielded GPIB Cable, 1m (3.3 ft)
7007-2
Shielded GPIB Cable, 1m (6.6 ft)
CA-180-3A
CAT5 Crossover Cable for TSP-Link/Ethernet KPCI-488LPA
IEEE-488
Interface for PCI Bus
KUSB-488B
IEEE-488 USB-to-GPIB Interface Adapter
USB-B-1
USB Cable, Type A to Type B, 1m (3.3 ft)
TRIGGERING AND CONTROL
2450-TLINK
DB-9 to Trigger Link Connector Adapter.
8501-1
Trigger Link Cable, DIN-to-DIN, 1m (3.3 ft)
8501-2
Trigger Link Cable, DIN-to-DIN, 2m (6.6 ft)
RACK MOUNT KITS
4299-8
Single Fixed Rack Mount Kit
4299-9
Dual Fixed Rack Mount Kit
4299-10
Dual Fixed Rack Mount Kit. Mount one 2461 and one Series 26xxB
4299-11
Dual Fixed Rack Mount Kit. Mount one 2461 and one Series 2400, Series 2000, etc.
2450-BenchKit
Ears and Handle for 2461-NFP-RACK and 2461-RACK models

SERVICES AVAILABLE

2461-3Y-EW
1 Year Factory Warranty extended to 3 years from date of shipment
2461-5Y-EW
1 Year Factory Warranty extended to 5 years from date of shipment
C/2461-3Y-17025
KeithleyCare® 3 Year
ISO 17025
Calibration Plan C/2461-3Y-DATA KeithleyCare 3 Year Calibration w/Data Plan
C/2461-3Y-STD
KeithleyCare 3 Year Std. Calibration Plan
C/2461-5Y-17025
KeithleyCare 5 Year
ISO 17025
Calibration Plan
C/2461-5Y-DATA
KeithleyCare 5 Year Calibration w/Data Plan
C/2461-5Y-STD
KeithleyCare 5 Year Std. Calibration Plan
C/NEW DATA
Calibration Data for New Units
C/NEW DATA ISO
ISO-17025 Calibration Data for New Units